For both the time management professional and for the beginner, the same things occur but the professional has already expected that surprises happen and has made time allowances and preparations for it. The beginner also has to make allowances as expecting things to always run smooth can only result in frustration. It is obviously a healthy, productive and successful alternative than simply allowing oneself to cruise along believing that it is more freedom filled and spontaneous. Schedules can not be avoided as much as time for sleeping and eating can not. Out of the 168 hours every week, the crucial time for management is really only about 40 hours. There are many variations of personal time management software that could be adopted by anybody trying to improve his time management capabilities. Time management softwares are also available for more complex time management concerns. A variety of time management softwares are designed to handle multiple requirements as projects grow to include larger management issues and more time variables. Another issue is that people of other cultures may be the very people who will benefit from time management most to upgrade productivity and progress but often the very same people who need it most and want it most are those who can afford it least. Whatever the issues involved, time management books are the handiest training materials that one's hand can lay on in time management. They rarely have fat files as files that are not so relevant are discarded or kept in the general circulars. The reality here is that fat files are seldom looked upon. They consume so much time just browsing through them. Studies show that 85% of office files are not really relevant but is kept anyway contributing to inefficiency. Whatever the arguments are, time management has to be applied and is crucial if one has to adapt to the thrill of competition. Time management is not meant to plunge the self into an unrelenting activity, moving every which way, ending up the day exhausted and achieving next to nothing. I know this is anal but often it is done that way.