If the time that is being used by managers, as parameters to measure others are the same time that they measure on themselves, then employee time management indeed, must be reviewed if not yet implemented. As reviewing them may need time, I would just offer a few things to spot and remedy them immediately. While time management software will not make managers and users more effective, define scope of the projects and communicate tasks for individual team members, it allows them to accomplish the work and projects more time efficient. The net is a good source for time management software whether on a personal, corporate or on an organizational setting from which to operate. Consider this weekly time allowance: - Everybody have 168 hours in one week. - Sleep = 7 hours for the average adult. Given one hour plus or minus, sleep eats that much time. 7 hours x 7 days = 49 hours - Lecture and lab time per week = 25 hours - Personal necessities (eating, grooming, hygiene, etc) = 2 hours a day x 7 = 14 hours - Study time at one hour per subject (average) = 25 hours - Other students will need short naps between classes. It is imperative that time management programs then considers those mentioned above and the following: - Planning preparation and scheduling - Relationships building - Systems and process development - Anticipation and prevention - Developing of action plans, direction and strategic coordination - Crises issues and complaints - Demands from superiors and co workers - Reports, submissions and deadlines - Coordinated work with the general cyclical and action plans - Staff issues and needs. Outside of professional help, recognizing the origins of stress is the first step to self stress management. It may also be worth noting that there are stresses that develop gradually. It can not be detected until it reaches a critical level and then a breakdown occurs. Stress management is realizing that there are things that we can not change, there are things that sometimes can be changed, and there are things that we can do something about. Managing Time at Your Own Pace with Time Management Book Time management books are good resources for people who wants to learn the principles of time management today but do not have the resources. Time management books are also good guides and reinforcement to those who have attended a time management course and want to update themselves and get a fresh view from another.